Visioni, Daniele; et al. (2021): Reduced poleward transport due to stratospheric heating under geoengineering

Visioni, Daniele; Simpson, Isla Ruth; MacMartin, Douglas G.; Richter, Jadwiga H.; Kravitz, Ben; Lee, Walker (2021): Reduced poleward transport due to stratospheric heating under geoengineering. DOI: 10.1002/essoar.10503509.1.

„Simulating the complex aerosol microphysical processes in a comprehensive Earth System Model can be very computationally intensive and therefore many models utilize a modal approach, where aerosol size distributions are represented by observations-derived lognormal functions. This approach has been shown to yield satisfactory results in a large array of applications, but there may be cases where the simplification in this approach may produce some shortcomings. In this work we show specific conditions under which the current approximations used in modal approaches might yield some incorrect answers. Using results from the Community Earth System Model v1 (CESM1) Geoengineering Large Ensemble (GLENS) project, we analyze the effects in the troposphere of a continuous increasing load of sulfate aerosols in the stratosphere, with the aim of counteracting the surface warming produced by non-mitigated increasing greenhouse gases concentration between 2020–2100.“