Hasegawa, Tomoko; et al. (2021): Land-based implications of early climate actions without global net-negative emissions

Hasegawa, Tomoko; Fujimori, Shinichiro; Frank, Stefan; Humpenöder, Florian; Bertram, Christoph; Després, Jacques et al. (2021): Land-based implications of early climate actions without global net-negative emissions. In Nat Sustain 573, p. 357. DOI: 10.1038/s41893-021-00772-w.

„Delaying climate mitigation action and allowing a temporary overshoot of temperature targets require large-scale carbon dioxide removal (CDR) in the second half of this century that may induce adverse side effects on land, food and ecosystems. Meanwhile, meeting climate goals without global net-negative emissions inevitably needs early and rapid emission reduction measures, which also brings challenges in the near term. Here we identify the implications for land-use and food systems of scenarios that do not depend on land-based CDR technologies. We find that early climate action has multiple benefits and trade-offs, and avoids the need for drastic (mitigation-induced) shifts in land use in the long term. Further long-term benefits are lower food prices, reduced risk of hunger and lower demand for irrigation water. Simultaneously, however, near-term mitigation pressures in the agriculture, forest and land-use sector and the required land area for energy crops increase, resulting in additional risk of food insecurity.“

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