Technical paper: Reaching zero with renewables capturing carbon

Martina Lyons, Paul Durrant and Karan Kochha (IRENA reports: Technical Paper 4/2021)

This technical Paper explores the status and potential of carbon capture and storage (CCS), carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) and carbon dioxide removal (CDR) technologies and their roles alongside renewables in the deep decarbonisation of energy systems. It summarises the status in terms of current deployment and costs, potential future roles, and the challenges and prospects for scaling-up their use in the context of the 1.5°C climate change goal and achieving net-zero emissions by 2050. The annexes provide additional resources and more detailed background information, including a discussion of key components, and tables presenting information on existing and planned projects.