Into the Blue: The Role of the Ocean in Climate Policy – Europe needs to clarify the balance between protection and use

Miranda Böttcher, Oliver Geden, Felix Schenuit IN: SWP Comment 2023/C 12, 01.03.2023, 7 pages, doi:10.18449/2023C12

The EU and its Member States need to clarify the balance between the protection and use paradigms in ocean governance when considering treating the ocean as an enhanced carbon sink or storage site. Facilitating linkages between the ongoing review of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the establishment of the Carbon Removal Certification Framework could help pave the way for debate about trade-offs and synergies in marine eco­system protection and use.