Hernández-León (2023): The biological carbon pump, diel vertical migration, and carbon dioxide removal

Santiago Hernández-León IN: iScience, 107835, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2023.107835

Several marine carbon dioxide removal (mCDR) technologies were proposed to slow down CO2 in the atmosphere. Technologies now under experimentation are related to the increase in gravitational flux. Other mechanisms such as active flux, the transport performed by diel vertical migrants (DVMs) were not considered. The authors review the effect of DVMs in the epipelagic realm and the top-down promoted by these organisms upon zooplankton and microzooplankton, and their variability due to lunar cycles.