Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council

on Implementation of Directive 2009/31/EC on the Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide

The Directive 2009/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the geological storage of carbon dioxide (the Carbon Capture and Storage Directive, or CCS Directive) establishes a legal framework for the environmentally safe geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2). The CCS Directive aims to ensure that there is no significant risk of CO2 leakage or damage to health or the environment, and to prevent any adverse effects on the security of the transport network or storage sites.

This report constitutes the fourth implementation report on the CCS Directive and covers the period of May 2019 – April 2023. It analyses progress made since the third implementation report. It is based on the reports submitted by Member States to the European Commission, and by the EEA EFTA States Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein to the EFTA Surveillance Authority (ESA)3, in accordance with Article 27 of the CCS Directive. Twenty-five countries submitted reports in time to be considered in this report.