Tag: emissions

UNEP: Emissions Gap Report 2023

unep.org, 20 November 2023

As greenhouse gas emissions hit new highs, temperature records tumble and climate impacts intensify, the Emissions Gap Report 2023: Broken Record – Temperatures hit new highs, yet world fails to cut emissions (again) finds that the world is heading for a temperature rise far above the Paris Agreement goals unless countries deliver more than they have promised. The report is the 14th edition in a series that brings together many of the world’s top climate scientists to look at future trends in greenhouse gas emissions and provide potential solutions to the challenge of global warming.


Nature – Rickels et al. (2023): The historical social cost of fossil and industrial CO2 emissions

Wilfried Rickels, Felix Meier, Martin Quaas IN: Nat. Clim. Chang., https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-023-01709-1

Countries differ considerably in their amounts and time profiles of past CO2 emissions. Here the authors calibrate an integrated assessment model on past economic and climate development to estimate the historical time series of social costs of carbon and to assess how much individual countries have reduced global wealth by their fossil and industrial-process CO2 emissions from 1950 to 2018.


Dirty Thirty – Emissionen des Industriesektors in Deutschland

Hauke Hermann und Lukas Emele (Öko-Institut) im Auftrag vom WWF Deutschland, Mai 2023, 36 S.

Das Öko-Institut hat in der vorliegenden Kurzanalyse jene Emissionen der industriellen Anlagen untersucht, die vom Europäischen Emissionshandelssystem (EU-Emissionshandel, ETS) erfasst werden. Die Tabelle 1 zeigt die 30 industriellen Anlagen (ohne Raffinerien), die im Jahr 2022 am meisten CO2 ausgestoßen haben. Diese Anlagen emittierten 2022 insgesamt 58 Millionen t CO2. Dies entspricht fast einem Drittel der im Klimaschutzgesetz (KSG) definierten Emissionen des Industriesektors (177 Millionen t CO2-Äqu.) oder 8 % der gesamten Treibhausgasemissionen Deutschlands im Jahr 2022. Die Plätze 1 bis 13 werden von Anlagen aus der Eisen- und Stahlerzeugung eingenommen. An Position 14 folgt eine Kalkanlage. Im Jahr 2022 sind wegen der hohen Erdgaspreise und der damit verbundenen Produktionsrückgänge die Emissionen im gesamten Industriesektor um 10 % gesunken. Bei den 30 größten industriellen ETS-Anlagen war der Rückgang mit 7% etwas unterdurchschnittlich. Der größte Emissionsrückgang hat sich mit 17 % in der Chemischen Industrie gezeigt.


Jayakrishnan et al. (2022): Contrasting climate and carbon-cycle consequences of fossil-fuel use versus deforestation disturbance

KU Jayakrishnan, Govindasamy Bala, Long Cao, Ken Caldeira IN: Environmental Research Letters, accepted, doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac69fd

In this study, using a set of idealized global climate-carbon model simulations with equal amounts of CO2 emissions, the authors show that on century to millennial timescales the response of the climate system to fossil-fuel burning versus deforestation disturbance are vastly different. The authors performed two 1000-year simulations where they add abrupt emissions of about 600 PgC to the preindustrial state as a consequence of either fossil fuel use or deforestation disturbance with vegetation regrowth.


EU ETS 101- A beginner’s guide to the EU’s Emissions Trading System

by Wijnand Stoefs (CMW) and the Emissions Trading Extra consortium; LIFE ETX (2021) EU ETS 101, published: February 2022

This beginner’s guide to the EU ETS aims to build knowledge and understanding of Europe’s carbon market for civil society organisations who have little or no prior experience with EU climate policies, especially in countries in the EU neighbourhood. It provides introductory knowledge on how the EU ETS is designed and how it functions.


Podcast: Lina Burnelius on Sweden’s forestry model: sustainable or greenwash? (Economy, Land & Climate Insight)

“‘The reality is that the forestry industry in Sweden are alone emitting more greenhouse gas emissions than all of Sweden’s terrestrial emission sources combined…’ In this episode Alasdair MacEwen talks to Lina Burnelius of Protect the Forest Sweden about the Swedish forestry model and the threat that industry poses to biodiversity and the survival of ancient Forests.”