Kategorie: Books

Chapter: Lukas Schuett (2024): Permanence and Liability: Legal Considerations on the Integration of Carbon Dioxide Removal into the EU Emissions Trading System

Lukas Schuett IN: Transnational Environmental Law, https://doi.org/10.1017/S2047102524000013

This article examines how carbon dioxide (CO2) removal credits can be integrated into the European Union (EU) Emissions Trading System (ETS), focusing on questions of permanence and climate liability. It identifies challenges within the integration process and analyzes approaches from practice and literature to cultivate learning. These approaches apply different strategies to address the issue of permanence, including temporary credit issuance, granting credits once a certain number of carbon tonne-years have been accumulated, or issuing credits at the beginning of the project period and relying on liability instead. Drawing from the findings of this research, the article presents legal considerations that may inform a proposal for an EU legislative act on the integration of carbon removal credits into the EU ETS.

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Chapter: Markus & Schaller (2024): Land-Use Implications of Carbon Dioxide Removal: An Emerging Legal Issue?

Till Markus, Romina Schaller IN: Ginzky, H., et al. International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy 2022. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-40609-6_5

Science has expressed concerns that CDR as a means to fight climate change could potentially increase competition for land and contribute to soil degradation. This paper aims to map out the potential land-use and soil implications of CDR to identify possible lines of political and legal conflicts.

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Hansson (2023): Making the 1.5°C Aspirational Climate Target Tangible with Carbon Dioxide Removal and Boundary Work

Anders Hansson IN: Climate, Science and Society, DOI: 10.432/9781003409748-43

The chapter explores how methods for carbon dioxide removal (CDR) are established as tools to manage climate change. According to more recent IPCC reports, grand-scale use of CDR, and primary bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), are necessities for the 1.5°C aspirational target. However, the methods are only modestly implemented today, and an upscaling would face and create many severe challenges. The IPCC’s climate mitigation scenarios and pathways are central to creating visions, and they also influence what future development is deemed viable. Therefore, the chapter illustrates how the STS concept boundary work can be applied to study how relevance and irrelevance are established in the drafting process of the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C. 

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Book: Cost Analysis of Adsorption based Air Capture of CO2

Mona Muzammil, Muzammil Arshad, Muazzam Arshad; Edinburg: The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley. https://scholarworks.utrgv.edu/chem_fac/262.

The book opens with an introductory section that provides background regarding the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, an overview of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies, and a primer in the fundamentals of power generation. Chapters focus on key carbon capture technologies, including absorption, adsorption, and membrane-based systems, addressing their applications in both the power and non-power sectors.

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Book: Biogeotherapy: nature-based climate solutions, life as a geological healing force

by Benoit Lambert, ‎CIV280, ‎129 pages

Biogeotherapy—nature-based climate solutions, life as a geological healing force, tells the history of a movement to extract/remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by regenerating natural carbon sinks. It is a movement for climate restoration, to reverse desertification, for biodiversity. Biogeotherapy presents its main elements and its outline.

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Book: Direct Air Capture of CO2

Hoda Shokrollahzadeh Behbahani, Matthew D. Green, American Chemical Society, 23.06.2023, ISBN: 97-0-8412-9988-7, 75 pages

This book provides an overview of the DAC (direct air capture) technology, starting with an overview in Chapter 1 of major climate change events, moving into a comprehensive review of negative emission technologies in Chapter 2. Chapter 2 covers some of the challenges associated and the feasibility of utilizing such a process for large-scale applications. Chapter 3 presents a literature review of sorbents under investigation. The advantages and disadvantages of each approach are extracted from literature results and are summarized along with areas of ongoing work. Parallel to ongoing research on developing high-performing sorbents, companies and startups have begun testing pilot to commercial scale DAC plants. Chapter 4 summarizes the efforts of such institutions. Global CO2 markets under development to construct commercialization pathways for DAC, such as enhanced oil recovery, synthetic fuels, cement, greenhouses, and food and beverages, are also reviewed.

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Buch: Warnsignal Klima – Hilft Technik gegen die Erderwärmung?

Hrsg. J.L.Lozán, H. Graßl, S.-W. Breckle, D. Kasang & M. Quante (2023), 332 Seiten

Es gibt zahlreiche Verfahren, mit denen CO2 aus der Atmosphäre entfernt werden kann, um neben der absolut vorrangigen Emissionsminderung Neto-Null-Emissionen zu erreichen. In diesem zusammenfassenden Buch wird der potenzielle Beitrag verschiedener Methoden vorgestellt. Neben CDR-Methoden und denen des Strahlungsmanagements (radiation management, RM) werden auch Methoden der CO2-Nutzung und sowie der Dekarbonisierung in der Industrie behandelt. Diese Informationen aus der Wissenschaft in rund 50 allgemeinverständlichen Artikeln stammen von rund 70 Fachleuten aus verschiedenen Instituten in Deutschland und benachbarten Ländern. Das Buch wendet sich nicht nur an Studierende, Lehrer, Schüler und interessierte Laien, sondern auch an Entscheidungsträger und Behörden.

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Book: Ocean Carbon Dioxide Removal for Climate Mitigation-The Legal Framework

Edited by Romany M. Webb, Korey Silverman-Roati, Michael B. Gerrard; April 2023, 344 pp, Edward Elgar Publishing, ISBN: 978 1 80220 884 9

Examining the existing legal framework for ocean carbon dioxide removal (CDR), this book highlights potential legal challenges and opportunities associated with using the ocean to remove and store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. It describes five commonly discussed ocean CDR techniques, including rock-based ocean alkalinity enhancement (OAE), electrochemical OAE, ocean fertilization, artificial upwelling and downwelling, and seaweed cultivation, and explores the legal issues that different techniques could raise. This book explores the laws governing ocean CDR research and deployment at the international level and domestically in seven countries across Asia, Europe, and North America. The analysis highlights the complexities and uncertainties associated with applying existing international and domestic law to ocean CDR, providing lawyers and policymakers with invaluable insights into areas where legal reforms are needed to facilitate in-ocean research and deployment.

Contributors include: Catherine Banet, Kevin P. Berk, Michael B. Gerrard, Medes Malaihollo, Panos Merkouris, Frans Nelissen, Alexander Proelss, Catherine Redgwell, Sara Seck, Korey Silverman-Roati, Robert C. Steenkamp, David L. VanderZwaag, Romany M. Webb, Lei Zhang, Keyuan Zou

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Book: CO2-philic Polymers, Nanocomposites and Chemical Solvents: Capture, Conversion and Industrial Products

Editors: Ashok Kumar Nadda, Swati Sharma, Susheel Kalia; ISBN: 978-0-323-85777-2, https://doi.org/10.1016/C2020-0-02818-5, 414 pp.

It is a multidisciplinary book that provides a compilation of concrete information on various polymers, porous materials hydrogels, membranes, nanoparticles, biochar metal-organic frameworks, bioinspired surfaces, polysaccharides, organic solvents, chemicals, eutectic solvents, amine-based chemical compounds, porphyrins, ionic liquids, ceramics and cutting-edge technologies for CO2 sequestration and conversion. Each chapter covers the latest developments and methods of synthesis and applications in the area. The book discusses, in detail, valuable commercial products from CO2, such as ethanol, methanol, formic acid, and precursors of other fine chemicals.

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