Kategorie: New Publications

Pereira et al. (2021): From fAIrplay to climate wars: making climate change scenarios more dynamic, creative, and integrative

Laura M. Pereira, David R. Morrow, Valentina Aquila, Brian Beckage, Sam Beckbesinger, Lauren Beukes, Holly J. Buck, Colin J. Carlson , Oliver Geden, Andrew P. Jones, David P. Keller, Katharine J. Mach, Mohale Mashigo, Juan B. Moreno-Cruz, Daniele Visioni, Simon Nicholson, Christopher H. Trisos IN: Ecology and Society 26(4):30; https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-12856-260430

„We offer a step-by-step guide to the modified Manoa Mash-up method to generate more integrative, creative, and dynamic scenarios; reflect on broader implications of using this method for generating more dynamic scenarios for climate change research and policy; and provide examples of using the scenarios in climate policy communication, including a choose-your-own adventure game called Survive the Century (https://survivethecentury.net/), which was played by over 15,000 people in the first 2 weeks of launching.“

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Nature – Impact of declining renewable energy costs on electrification in low-emission scenarios

Gunnar Luderer, Silvia Madeddu, Leon Merfort, Falko Ueckerdt, Michaja Pehl, Robert Pietzcker, Marianna Rottoli, Felix Schreyer, Nico Bauer, Lavinia Baumstark, Christoph Bertram, Alois Dirnaichner, Florian Humpenöder, Antoine Levesque, Alexander Popp, Renato Rodrigues, Jessica Strefler, Elmar Kriegler IN: Nature Energy (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-021-00937-z

„Here we show that further progress in solar- and wind-power technology along with carbon pricing to reach the Paris Climate targets could make electricity cheaper than carbon-based fuels. […] The lower production of bioenergy in our high-electrification scenarios markedly reduces energy-related land and water requirements.“

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Cabiyo et al. (2021): Innovative wood use can enable carbon-beneficial forest management in California

Bodie Cabiyo, Jeremy S. Fried, Brandon M. Collins, William Stewart, Jun Wong, Daniel L. Sanchez IN: PNAS December 7, 2021 118 (49); https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2019073118

This study applies a systems approach to assess climate change mitigation potential and wildfire outcomes across forest management scenarios and several wood products. The results suggest a low-cost pathway to reduce carbon emissions and support climate adaptation in temperate forests.

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Nature – Cook-Patton et al. (2021): Protect, manage, then restore lands for climate mitigation

Susan C. Cook-Patton, C. Ronnie Drever, Bronson W. Griscom, Kelley Hamrick, Hamilton Hardman, Timm Kroeger, Pablo Pacheco, Shyla Raghav, Martha Stevenson, Chris Webb, Samantha Yeo, Peter W. Ellis IN: Nature Climate Change (2021), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-021-01198-0

„We can’t take a blanket approach to land-based climate solutions. A new study led by scientists from The Nature Conservancy describes a hierarchy for prioritizing the quickest and most cost-effective policy approaches.“

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Nature – Noon et al. (2021): Mapping the irrecoverable carbon in Earth’s ecosystems

Monica L. Noon, Allie Goldstein, Juan Carlos Ledezma, Patrick R. Roehrdanz, Susan C. Cook-Patton, Seth A. Spawn-Lee, Timothy Maxwell Wright, Mariano Gonzalez-Roglich, David G. Hole, Johan Rockström & Will R. Turner IN: Nature Sustainability (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-021-00803-6

„There are some natural places that we cannot afford to lose due to their irreplaceable carbon reserves. Here we map ‘irrecoverable carbon’ globally to identify ecosystem carbon that remains within human purview to manage and, if lost, could not be recovered by mid-century, by when we need to reach net-zero emissions to avoid the worst climate impacts.“

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Yang et al. (2021): Harmonized comparison of virgin steel production using biomass with carbon capture and storage for negative emissions

Fan Yang, Hans Meerman, André Faaij IN: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 112, 2021,103519, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2021.103519

Mass and energy balances were used to evaluate each route’s cradle-to-gate CO2eq emissions. Results indicate that using either CO2 capture and storage (CCS) or biomass can reduce, but not eliminate, CO2eq emissions in the iron and steel sector. However, the combination of CCS and biomass (BECCS) can result in CO2-neutral or even CO2-negative steelmaking.

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Tatarewicz et al. (2021): The Role of BECCS in Achieving Climate Neutrality in the European Union

Igor Tatarewicz, Michał Lewarski, Sławomir Skwierz, Vitaliy Krupin, Robert Jeszke, Maciej Pyrka, Krystian Szczepanski, Monika Sekuła IN: Energies 2021, 14, 7842. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14237842

This research is devoted to an analysis of BECCS as a negative emissions technology (NET) and the assessment of its implementation impact upon the possibility of achieving EU climate goals by 2050.

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Latest Special Issue: CO2 Utilization Technologies

Oxford University Press; Clean Energy Volume 5, Issue 4 (December 2021); ISSN 2515-4230

In a new special issue, authors discuss new CO2 -utilization technologies at various stages of development and commercialization. These technologies have the potential to provide opportunities for emission savings for power and other industrial sectors by partially substituting fossil-fuel raw materials, increasing efficiency and reducing GHG emissions, and generating revenues through producing marketable products.

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Migo-Sumagan et al. (2021): A Superstructure Model for Integrated Deployment of Negative Emissions Technologies under Resource Constraints

Maria Victoria Migo-Sumagang, Kathleen B. Aviso, John Frederick D. Tapia, Raymond R. Tan IN: Chemical Engineering Transactions, 88, 31-36 DOI:10.3303/CET2188005

In this work, a superstructure-based Linear Programming (LP) model is developed to optimize the carbon drawdown of integrated NET deployment under resource constraints. Results show that varying the target negative emissions and resource constraints affect the NETs portfolio and total cost.

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Nature – Jordaan & Wang (2021): Electrocatalytic conversion of carbon dioxide for the Paris goals

Sarah M. Jordaan & Chao Wang (2021) IN: Nature Catalysis Vol. 4 (Issue 11); 915–920; https://doi.org/10.1038/s41929-021-00704-z

Electrocatalytic conversion of CO2 into useful products can contribute to the Paris goals on the basis of abundant low-carbon power and technological advances. From R&D to policy, areas are highlighted in which coordinated efforts can support commercialization of such capture and catalytic technologies while deploying the required infrastructure.

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