Kategorie: Political Papers

Working Paper: Carbon Dioxide Removal: Climbing up the EU Climate Policy Agenda

Felix Schenuit, Oliver Geden; Working Paper Research Division EU/Europe 2022/ No. 01, May 2022, 18 Pages; doi:10.18449/2022WP02

„Acknowledging the need to balance hard-to-abate emissions by mid-century in particular led to a rapid career for the issue of CDR. Analysis of different pieces of EU legislation and major actors reveals that after bein governed implicitly in the LULUCF sector, the issue of CDR has now climbed up the political agenda and policy actors are now starting to proactively address the need to enhance EU’s carbon sink capacity.“

this Working Paper is based on a draft chapter. The final version will be available in: Handbook on European Union Climate Change Policy and Politics, edited by Tim Rayner, Kacper Szulecki, Andrew Jordan and Sebastian Oberthür, forthcoming 2022, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd


Webb et al. (2022): Removing Carbon Dioxide Through Artificial Upwelling and Downwelling: Legal Challenges and Opportunities

Romany M. Webb, Korey Silverman-Roati, Michael Gerrard IN: Sabin Center for Climate Change Law, May 2022 (Columbia Law School’s Scholarship Archive)

Uncertainty regarding the laws governing artificial upwelling and downwelling has been identified as a potential barrier to research and deployment. This paper helps to fill existing knowledge gaps by analyzing the application of international and domestic (U.S.) law to artificial upwelling and downwelling.


Policy Brief: Certifiying land-use based carbon dioxide removals – outline of a strawman proposal

Artur Runge-Metzger, Linde Zuidema, Peter Vis, Jos Delbeke IN: STG Policy Papers ISSUE 2022/11, April 2022, School of Transnational Governance

„Drawing from existing experiences, this policy brief outlines a way forward with respect to the certification and governance of land-based CO2 removals, laying a solid foundation for structuring public and/or private financial incentives.“


Evaluating Strategies and Scenarios for Carbon Neutrality for the City of Palo Alto

Leila Doty, Matt Jacquez, Nidhi Mahale, Theresa Nelson, Taiwo Odunowo, Ben Paladino Advisors: Dan Rich, Manami Suenaga; prepared for the City of Palo Alto (California)

„This report provides significant information, resources for further research, and recommendations to sequester carbon both within and outside of the City of Palo Alto. Through the course of the research, the authors identified best practices in other governments, conducted stakeholder interviews, evaluated the state of the NET industry, and estimated the sequestration potential of improvements made to the Urban Forest and other natural sequestration opportunities.“


Singh & Colosi (2022): Capture or curtail: the potential and performance of direct air capture powered through excess renewable electricity

Udayan Singh, Lisa M. Colosi IN: Energy Conversion and Management, 100230, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecmx.2022.100230.

This paper posits that it is not possible to effectively evaluate the economic and environmental impacts of direct air capture without accounting for the spatial and temporal contexts in it will be operated. Accordingly, the analysis aims to evaluate the near-term and medium-term (2030-50) potential of using excess renewable energy to power flexible deployment of direct air capture in California.


Working Paper: Direct Air Capture: Assessing Impacts to Enable Responsible Scaling

Katie Lebling, Haley Leslie-Bole, Peter Psarras, Elizabeth Bridgwater, Zachary Byrum, Hélène Pilorgé on wri.org (World Resources Institute)

This paper discusses the expected environmental impacts (local and distributed) of building and operating Direct Air Capture (DAC) plants in the United States. It provides considerations related to decision-making and DAC siting, including responsible scaling and equitable distribution of benefits, as well as policy and procedural recommendations. The paper was written in collaboration between World Resources Institute and the University of Pennsylvania.


Lundberg & Fridahl (2022): The missing piece in policy for carbon dioxide removal: reverse auctions as an interim solution

Liv Lundberg & Mathias Fridahl IN: Discover Energy 2, 3 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s43937-022-00008-8

In this Perspectives article, the authors provide an insight into the current status of BECCS and CDR policy based on interviews with key policy makers and experts. They also provide a special insight into Sweden’s development of interim policy that takes the form of a reverse auction.


Policy Brief: Addressing differences in permanence of Carbon Dioxide Removal

Adam Whitmore; Mark Preston Aragonès on Bellona.org

This Policy Brief paper explores three broad approaches to recognising and managing permanence in the context of carbon removal certifications. Approach 1 keeps the long and short carbon cycles separate and eliminates the fungibility between the various carbon sinks. Approach 2 adjusts the upfront value of a carbon removal certificate to the estimated risk of reversal. Approach 3 ties a perpetual liability to a CDR certificate, whereby any reversal must be replaced for the certificate to retain its value.


Förster et al. (2022): Framework for Assessing the Feasibility of Carbon Dioxide Removal Options Within the National Context of Germany

Johannes Förster, Silke Beck, Malgorzata Borchers, Erik Gawel, Klaas Korte, Till Markus, Nadine Mengis, Andreas Oschlies, Romina Schaller, Angela Stevenson, Terese Thoni, Daniela Thrän IN: Frontiers in Climate, Vol. 4, 2022, https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fclim.2022.758628

Following a multi-disciplinary and comprehensive approach, the authors created a framework that considers the environmental, technological, economic, social, institutional, and systemic implications of upscaling CDR options. The authors propose the framework as a tool to help guide decision-relevant feasibility assessments of CDR options, as well as identify challenges and opportunities within the national context.


Loomis et al. (2022): A Code of Conduct Is Imperative for Ocean Carbon Dioxide Removal Research

Rebecca Loomis, Sarah R. Cooley, James R. Collins, Simon Engler, Lisa Suatoni IN: Frontiers in Marine Science, Vol. 9, https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmars.2022.872800

„Ocean CDR research presents the risk of uncertain impacts to human and environmental welfare, yet there are no domestic regulations aimed at ensuring the safety and efficacy of this research. A code of conduct that establishes principles of responsible research, fairness, and equity is needed in this field. This article presents fifteen key components of an ocean CDR research code of conduct.“