Kategorie: Political Papers

Rickels et al. (2023): Potential efficiency gains from the introduction of an emissions trading system for the buildings and road transport sectors in the European union

Wilfried Rickels, Christian Rischer, Felix Schenuit, Sonja Peterson IN: Kiel Working Paper, No. 2249, Kiel Institute for the World Economy
ISSN 1862–115

In the European Union (EU), a second emissions trading system (EU ETS2) covering buildings, road transport and small energy and industrial installations is expected to be introduced from 2027. The authors study the EU ETS2 for the year 2030 using the general equilibrium model DART. In the analysis, the introduction of an EU ETS2 generates about a quarter of the efficiency gains of a comprehensive emissions trading system, assuming that nation states use the flexibility mechanisms of the ESR and compensate for regional abatement leakage through interstate emissions trading.


Issue Brief: Defining Carbon Removal for Policy

Carbon Business Council, May 2023

Definitions of CDR in some policies to date have been incomplete and narrowly focused on specific CDR approaches. The Carbon Business Council strongly favors a clear and consistent definition of CDR for policy that is method neutral, criteria-based, and IPCC-aligned, to support the portfolio of CDR approaches that the world will need to meet our climate goals.


Hansen & Geden (2023): Knowledge Politics in the Context of International Climate Negotiations – The IPCC Synthesis Report will shape COP28 and the Global Stocktake

Gerrit Hansen & Oliver Geden IN: SWP Comment 2023/C 25, 09.05.2023, 8 p., doi:10.18449/2023C25

The IPCC reports, and in particular the respective Summary for Policy Makers (SPM), provide a scientific basis for negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They are a key reference in the global climate debate. The most recent Synthesis Report (SYR) is considered one of the most important sources of information for the first Global Stocktake under the Paris Agreement, which is to be concluded at the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP28) in Dubai in December 2023. The knowledge politics surfacing in controversies that were visible during the report’s adoption reflect the conflicting interests that will shape the upcoming round of new emission reduction and financing pledges.


»Carbon Management«: Chancen und Risiken für ambitionierte Klimapolitik

Felix Schenuit, Miranda Böttcher, Oliver Geden IN: SWP-Aktuell 2023/A 30, 05.05.2023, 8 S., doi:10.18449/2023A30

Die Klimapolitik in der Europäischen Union und in Deutschland hat sich mit der Verabschiedung von Netto-Null-Zielen deutlich verändert. Eine neue Entwicklung ist die Bedeutung von Carbon Management. Der Sammelbegriff umfasst neben der Ab­scheidung und Speicherung von CO2 (Carbon Capture and Storage, CCS) auch die CO2‑Abscheidung und Nutzung (Carbon Capture and Utilization, CCU) sowie die Ent­nahme von CO2 aus der Atmosphäre (Carbon Dioxide Removal, CDR). Es ist wichtig, Klarheit in Bezug auf die Abgrenzung dieser einzelnen Ansätze zu schaffen und ihr Verhältnis zu den sogenannten Restemissionen und schwer vermeidbaren Emissionen zu identifizieren.


Reduce, remove and store: The role of carbon sequestration in accelerating Australia’s decarbonisation

by Climate Change Authority, Australian Government, April 2023

The Climate Change Authority has released its latest policy Insights Paper, following estimates from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change that around 6 billion tonnes of CO2 would have to be removed per year by 2050 globally, and about 14 billion tonnes per year by 2100 for a 50 per cent chance of limiting global warming to below 1.5°C. The Authority’s paper contains 23 policy insights as part of a “deep dive” designed to help policymakers, emitters and markets better understand how sequestration can be scaled-up, accelerated and used responsibly.


Policy Brief: US Farm Bill & Carbon Removal

by Isabella Corpora, Carbon Business Council, May 2, 2023

The Carbon Business Council announces their newest policy brief out now on the 2023 US Farm Bill. The Farm Bill is critical omnibus legislation, updated every five years, that governs the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) administration of U.S. working lands, forests, and aquaculture. The 2023 Farm Bill represents a unique and pressing opportunity to beneficially incorporate carbon management and carbon dioxide removal (CDR) into our food, farm, and forestry systems.


McDonald et al. (2023): Greenhouse Gas Removal in Australian Climate Law: A Positive Role for Negative Emissions

Jan McDonald, Kerryn Brent, Phillipa McCormack, Jeffrey McGee IN: UNSW Law Journal 46(1)

Australia’s path to net zero emissions must include both emissions reduction and removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. Australia’s large landmass and expansive marine estates provide significant opportunities for implementing these negative emissions technologies (‘NETs’). Significant further legal innovation will be needed to facilitate NETs crediting and adapt existing environmental, health and safety legislation to this large-scale challenge. As a starting point, this article surveys the curreit went state of Australian law and identifies priority areas for developing a legal framework to facilitate responsible research and development of NETs in Australia.


Edenhofer et al. (2023): On the Governance of Carbon Dioxide Removal – A Public Economics Perspective

Ottmar Edenhofer, Max Franks, Matthias Kalkuhl, Artur Runge-Metzger, CESifo Working Paper No. 10370, April 2023, 43 Pages

This paper highlights the importance of carbon dioxide removal (CDR) technologies for climate policy. The authors first describe their role in iconic transformation pathways and discuss removal costs and storage duration of different technologies. Based on economic principles, they characterize optimal removal flows and reservoirs for non-permanent removals. Furthermore, the authors discuss different pricing regimes that achieve an optimal allocation under different information and liability conditions.


mCDR Foresight Scenarios: Policy Frameworks for Marine Carbon-Dioxide Removal in 2040

Miranda Böttcher, Working Paper Research Division EU/Europe 2023/No. 02, April 2023, 35 Pages

This report outlines processes and insights from a participatory foresight workshop held in Berlin (December 2022). This workshop aimed to switch the mode of thinking about the future of mCDR policy from predictive to anticipatory: a reorientation from »navigating ‘what will be’« to »thinking through alternative ‘what ifs?’« The workshop organisers aimed to encourage the participants to engage experimentally with conceptions of the future derived from a broad field of perspectives. Additionally, the workshop was designed to help the participants explore the capacities of various policy frameworks and instruments to deal with threats and opportunities across a range of plausible futures.


Sovacool (2023): Expanding carbon removal to the Global South: Thematic concerns on systems, justice, and climate governance

Benjamin K. Sovacool IN: Energy and Climate Change 4, 100103, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egycc.2023.100103

This paper summarizes the perspectives and concerns of 90 key academics, technologists, and policy entrepreneurs on expanding carbon removal assessment, innovation, and policy beyond early foci within (northern) Europe, the US, Japan, and Australia. It explores how concerns about systems (coupling and infrastructure deployment), justice (equity and inclusion), and governance (including pledges, funding, and offsets) markedly differ across Global North and Global South dynamics. It discusses how such issues intersect with each other, and concludes with insights for research and policy.