Kategorie: Political Papers

Vibbert & Park (2022): Harvesting, storing, and converting carbon from the ocean to create a new carbon economy: Challenges and opportunities

Hunter B. Vibbert & Ah-Hyung Alissa Park IN: Front. Energy Res., Sec. Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage, https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2022.999307

In this perspective article, the authors discuss alkalinity enhancement and biologically inspired CO2 hydration reactions that can shift the equilibrium of ocean water to pump more carbon into this natural sink. Further, they highlight recent work that can harvest and convert CO2 captured by the ocean into chemicals, fuels, and materials using renewable energy such as off-shore wind.

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Fraser (2022): Up in the air: the challenge of conceptualizing and crafting a post-carbon planetary politics to confront climate change

Alistair Fraser IN: The Journal of Peasant Studies, DOI: 10.1080/03066150.2022.2113779

The author argues that confronting climate change requires conceptualizing and crafting a post-carbon planetary politics focused on removing carbon from the atmosphere. A focal point for beginning to build this politics should be carbon removal networks. The author conceptualizes these networks as vehicles that tap diverse knowledge domains (from sciences such as ecology or chemistry to activism and the law) to establish a planetary-wide political alliance which removes carbon while delivering nutrition, shelter, and care to populations in all manner of geographical settings.

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Liu et al. (2022): China’s pathways of CO2 capture, utilization and storage under carbon neutrality vision 2060

Guizhen Liu, Bofeng Cai, Qi Li, Xian Zhang, Tao Ouyang IN: Carbon Management, 13:1, 435-449, DOI: 10.1080/17583004.2022.2117648

The study focuses on China’s CCUS pathways, and draws out three key conclusions: (1) in terms of the greenhouse gases emission reductions required to achieve carbon neutrality and based on current technology projections, the CO2 emission reductions to be achieved by CCUS are 0.6 ∼ 1.4 billion tonnes and 1 ∼ 1.8 billion tonnes in 2050 and 2060, respectively; (2) from the perspective of source-sink matching in China, the emission reduction potential provided by CCUS can basically meet the demand of carbon neutrality target (0.6 ∼ 2.1 billion tonnes of CO2); (3) with the development of technologies, the cost of CCUS in China has a great potential to be reduced in the future.

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Parisa et al. (2022): The time value of carbon storage

Zack Parisa, Eric Marland, Brent Sohngen, Gregg Marland, Jennifer Jenkins IN: Forest Policy and Economics Vol. 144, 102840, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2022.102840

Yet to date, the full potential of natural systems to store carbon has not been leveraged because policymakers have required long-term contracts to compensate for permanence concerns, and these long-term contracts substantially raise costs and limit deployment. In this paper, the authors lay out the rationale that their time preference for early action leads to the conclusion that multiple tons of short-term storage of carbon in ecosystem stocks can be considered to have equal value – as measured by the social cost of carbon – as 1 ton of carbon sequestered permanently.

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White Paper: Unlocking Carbon Dioxide Removal with Voluntary Carbon Markets

on carbonbusinesscouncil.org, 16 pp.

The Carbon Business Council, a trade association of more than 65 carbon management companies, has published this white paper on the intersection of voluntary carbon markets (VCMs) and carbon dioxide removal (CDR). The paper features recommendations for market regulators and existing market providers about how to grow VCMs, scale carbon removal, and provide a more diverse portfolio of climate solutions for purchasers. VCMs are projected to grow to a $50 billion market by 2030.

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Elwee (2022): Advocating afforestation, betting on BECCS: land-based negative emissions technologies (NETs) and agrarian livelihoods in the global South

Pamela Mc Elwee IN: Journal of Peasant Studies, 2022

Negative emissions technologies (NETs) for carbon dioxide removal (CDR) are increasingly important responses to achieve global climate change targets, but to date, there has been insufficient attention to land-based NETs (including afforestation, biochar, and other measures) as an agrarian challenge for the global South. This paper explores the implications of different NETs for land, labor, capital, and politics in rural spaces and contributes to articulating agrarian climate justice by demonstrating the potentially unjust implications of many NETs. The paper concludes with how these measures might be designed to be less negative for rural peoples in future implementation.

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Mai et al. (2022): Getting to 100%: Six strategies for the challenging last 10%

Trieu Mai, Paul Denholm, Patrick Brown, Wesley Cole, Elaine Hale, Patrick Lamers, Caitlin Murphy, Mark Ruth, Brian Sergi, Daniel Steinberg, Samuel F. Baldwin IN: Joule, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joule.2022.08.004

Achieving 100% carbon-free electricity obviates the use of traditional fossil-fuel-based generation technologies, by themselves, to serve the last increment of demand—which the authors refer to as the “last 10%.” Here, the authors survey strategies for overcoming this last 10% challenge, including extending traditional carbon-free energy sources (e.g., wind and solar, other renewable energy, and nuclear), replacing fossil fuels with carbon-free fuels for combustion (e.g., hydrogen- and biomass-based fuels), developing carbon capture and carbon dioxide removal technologies, and deploying multi-day demand-side resources.

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Qi & Dauvergne (2022): China and the global politics of nature-based solutions

Jianfeng Jeffrey Qi, Peter Dauvergne IN: Environmental Science & Policy 137, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2022.08.008.

This article explains how and why China has been promoting NbS in multilateral and domestic policy settings. By analyzing the content of English- and Chinese-language policy briefings, diplomatic remarks, and government documents from 2019 to mid-2021, it reveals that China’s NbS goals and actions differ significantly in domestic and international settings.

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Mintz-Woo (2022): The Need-Efficiency Tradeoff for negative emissions technologies

Kian Mintz-Woo IN: PLOS Clim 1(8): e0000060. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pclm.0000060

„There are many different strategies for capturing carbon, but regardless of which we adopt, all capture methods will require carbon storage capacity. Developing sufficient storage capacity will require massive investment. If left to the market, we should expect that any development would be haphazard—and would neither necessarily address climate change nor promote any other moral values. If not leaving it to market forces, developing this capacity will require spending public resources. But we should be intentional about which values this spending reflects—in short, we should take this to be a question worthy of moral deliberation.“

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Riisager-Simonsen et al. (2022): Marine nature-based solutions: Where societal challenges and ecosystem requirements meet the potential of our oceans

Christian Riisager-Simonsen, Gianna Fabi, Luc van Hoof, Noél Holmgren, Giovanna Marino, Dennis Lisbjerg IN: Marine Policy 144, 105198, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2022.105198

This paper provides an analysis of core definitions, potential categories of marine NBS and a suite of case studies. Coastal waters, shelf and open oceans present multiple options for testing new and scaling up known NbS, which could support both environmental restoration simultaneously with addressing multiple societal challenges, paving the way for a new level of ecosystem-based management.

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