Schlagwort: BECCS

Salas et al. (2024): Life cycle assessment of bioenergy with carbon capture and storage: A review

D. A. Salas, A. J. Boero, A. D. Ramirez IN: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 199, 114458, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2024.114458

This research aims to explore the current evidence on the sustainability of Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage under a life cycle approach and to understand how research on this topic has evolved in the last decade. A systematic literature review was performed, and the main focus was identifying methodological shortcomings and analysing Global Warming Potential results. Forty-seven studies were selected for in-depth revision.

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Everson et al. (2024): What is the potential of bioCCS to deliver negative emissions in Norway? From biomass mapping to a window of negative emissions potential

Nikalet Everson, Michaël Becidan, Simon Roussanaly, Rahul Anantharaman, Petronelle Holt, Roger Khalil IN: Sustainable Materials and Technologies, 40, e00912, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.susmat.2024.e00912

Ground-up approaches are necessary to better understand the realistic potential of negative emissions technologies at the national or continental level. Such an approach was applied in the present study to understand the potential of bioenergy with carbon capture and storage to deliver negative emissions in Norway, starting from mapping and quantification of biomass until the derivation of a window of negative emission potential.

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Næss et al. (2024): Bridging Quantitative and Qualitative Science for BECCS in Abandoned Croplands

Jan Sandstad Næss, Ida Marie Henriksen, Tomas Moe Skjølsvold IN: Earth’s Future 12 (3), e2023EF003849, https://doi.org/10.1029/2023EF003849

Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage plays a vital role in most climate change mitigation scenarios, where a solution for sustainable near-term bioenergy expansion is to grow energy crops such as perennial grasses on recently abandoned cropland. This study combines natural science insights anchored in quantitative bioenergy modeling with qualitative social science anchored in the multi-level perspective. Using these mixed methods enables a global-to-local-to-global level assessment of near-term bioenergy recultivation opportunities for abandoned cropland. Norway is the local case. 

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Raksajati et al. (2024): Comparing options of BECCS in Indonesia using energy system modelling

Anggit Raksajati, Zefania P. Sutrisno, Attaya A. Meiritza IN: AIP Conference Proceedings, https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0194372

This study aims to provide key insights for preliminary assessment of BECCS options by varying the biomass type, power generation capacity, and firing mode. The 6 cases studied are bagasse, palm kernel shell, rice straw, empty fruit bunch, refuse derived fuel (firing, co-firing). Simple levelized cost of electricity (sLCOE) is evaluated, with findings that the dominant factors for sLCOE reduction are capacity and flue gas CO2 composition.

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Guo et al. (2024): Sorption enhanced steam reforming of biomass-based feedstocks: Towards sustainable hydrogen evolution

Shifang Guo, Yanzi Zhang, Lina Liu IN: Chemical Engineering Journal, 485, 149760, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2024.149760

Biomass, as a renewable energy source with zero carbon emissions, has the potential to replace traditional fossil fuels for hydrogen production, addressing environmental issues associated with burning fossil fuels. Among the various biomass fuel production techniques, steam reforming of biomass-based feedstocks efficiently produces hydrogen-containing gas. Nonetheless, this process does suffer from low gas calorific value and elevated CO2 content. Consequently, a combination of sorption-enhanced and steam reforming technologies becomes crucial to maximize the use of biomass feedstocks for the production of hydrogen while minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. This paper provides an overview of recent research advancements in the sorption-enhanced steam reforming of biomass-derived feedstocks.

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He et al. (2024): Biomass yield potential on U.S. marginal land and its contribution to reach net-zero emission

Yufeng He, Deepak Jaiswal, Stephen P. Long, Xin-Zhong Liang, Megan L. Matthews IN: GCB-Bioenergy, https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.13128

BECCS requires using limited land resources efficiently while ensuring minimal adverse impacts on the delicate food-energy-water nexus. Perennial C4 biomass crops are productive on marginal land under low-input conditions avoiding conflict with food and feed crops. The eastern half of the contiguous U.S. contains a large amount of marginal land, which is not economically viable for food production and liable to wind and water erosion under annual cultivation. However, this land is suitable for geological CO2 storage and perennial crop growth. Given the climate variation across the region, three perennials are major contenders for planting. The yield potential and stability of Miscanthus, switchgrass, and energycane across the region were compared to select which would perform best under the recent (2000–2014) and future (2036–2050) climates. 

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PhD-Thesis: Promises and Pitfalls of Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage: Actors‘ Perspectives, Challenges, and Mitigation Deterrence in Sweden

Emily Rodriguez, Linköping University, DOI: 10.3384/9789180754873

The aim of this thesis is to examine challenges for the implementation of BECCS in Sweden to contribute to sustainability transitions, and to analyze the prospect for deploying BECCS through the lens of mitigation deterrence. This lens is a way to study risks of foregone emissions, overshoots, and rebound effects when relying on a future carbon removal method such as BECCS. This thesis studies how BECCS is socially constructed by key actors in Sweden by analyzing perspectives held by companies, civil servants, political parties, and other key actors, through interviews and focus groups. This study also analyzes how plans to include BECCS impact net-zero strategies in Stockholm, the first city to have a pilot and demonstration facility for BECCS in Europe.

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Mirzaei et al. (2023): Screening Study of Potassium Carbonate Solvents for Bio-energy Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS)

Nima Mirzaei, Aishwarya Babu, Efthymios Kantarelis, Matthaeus U. Baebler IN: Chemical Engineering Transactions, 105, https://doi.org/10.3303/CET23105027

The present work aims at investigating absorption of CO2 into promoted and unpromoted aqueous K2CO3. For this the authors performed a series of lab experiments in a thermostated batch stirred tank gas-liquid reactor containing the solvent. The absorption of CO2 was monitored by the decrease in the reactor pressure. To compare the different solvent blends, the experimental conditions, i.e., injection pressure, reactor temperature, stirring speed, and solvent volume were kept constant. For the interpretation of the experiments a simple absorption model is formulated based on which an apparent absorption rate is derived.

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