Schlagwort: EU

Rickels et al. (2023): Potential efficiency gains from the introduction of an emissions trading system for the buildings and road transport sectors in the European union

Wilfried Rickels, Christian Rischer, Felix Schenuit, Sonja Peterson IN: Kiel Working Paper, No. 2249, Kiel Institute for the World Economy
ISSN 1862–115

In the European Union (EU), a second emissions trading system (EU ETS2) covering buildings, road transport and small energy and industrial installations is expected to be introduced from 2027. The authors study the EU ETS2 for the year 2030 using the general equilibrium model DART. In the analysis, the introduction of an EU ETS2 generates about a quarter of the efficiency gains of a comprehensive emissions trading system, assuming that nation states use the flexibility mechanisms of the ESR and compensate for regional abatement leakage through interstate emissions trading.


Sanchez et al. (2023): The Role of Direct Air Capture in EU’s Decarbonisation and Associated Carbon Intensity for Synthetic Fuels Production

Rocio Gonzalez SanchezAnatoli Chatzipanagi, Rocio Gonzalez SanchezAnatoli Chatzipanagi IN: Econ Papers,

Given the high expectations placed on DAC for future decarbonisation, this study presents an extensive review of DAC technologies, exploring a number of techno-economic aspects, including an updated collection of the current and planned DAC projects around the world. A dedicated analysis focused on the production of synthetic methane, methanol, and diesel from DAC and electrolytic hydrogen in the European Union (EU) is also performed, where the carbon footprint is analysed for different scenarios and energy sources.


Bellona: Joint call to action for a strategy on regional CO2 infrastructure in the Netherlands, Belgium and North Rhine-Westphalia  

Published on February 14, 2022 by Bellona Europa

This letter, signed by a large group of civil society and private sector stakeholders from the Netherlands, Belgium and North-Rhine Westphalia, calls on the national and regional governments of the Netherlands, Belgium, Flanders, Wallonia, Germany, and North Rhine-Westphalia to accelerate and deepen their collaboration on industrial transformation planning. They call for a common vision and strategy to realise a CO2 transport and storage infrastructure that accelerates industrial decarbonisation and structural emission reductions.


Podcast: Lina Burnelius on Sweden’s forestry model: sustainable or greenwash? (Economy, Land & Climate Insight)

„‚The reality is that the forestry industry in Sweden are alone emitting more greenhouse gas emissions than all of Sweden’s terrestrial emission sources combined…‘ In this episode Alasdair MacEwen talks to Lina Burnelius of Protect the Forest Sweden about the Swedish forestry model and the threat that industry poses to biodiversity and the survival of ancient Forests.“


Call for Proposals: Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) approaches (Horizon Europe Framework Programme, HORIZON)

Deadline: 10 February 2022

„Project results are expected to contribute to some of the following expected outcomes:

  • Support climate policies through an enhanced understanding of existing and emerging carbon dioxide removal options in terms of their technical readiness, key requirements (land and other resource needs, geographical and geological constraints, primary energy needs, etc.), short- and long-term sequestration potential, permanence, impacts (environmental, social, health, resource depletion, etc.) including potential co-benefits.
  • Support climate models and integrated assessment models through an improved parametrisation of these technologies and solutions, allowing their better integration into pathways and strategies and broadening the carbon dioxide removal technology options that can be numerically modelled.
  • A harmonised, comprehensive and transparent methodology for the characterisation and comparison of such technologies and the barriers to their deployment, which can facilitate public discourse on their role and impacts.
  • Gain better insight into the extended, system-level impacts of these technologies by considering ripple effects (e.g. extended impacts, land benefits foregone, opportunity costs, and rebound effects).
  • Develop abatement cost estimates in function of time profile as well as factors like scale of deployment, key input factors (e.g., land/sea space, energy, reservoirs).
  • Exploration and demonstration of business/ policy/ MRV (Monitoring, reporting and verification) frameworks for CDR uptake at scale, ranging from plant level to incorporation of CDR in international MRV and accounting (for example in the case of bioenergy trade).“


Arens, Christof (Ed.) (2021): Ensuring longterm ambition. Paris-proofing of baseline setting as a means for alignment with the Paris Agreement’s long-term objectives (Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy)

Arens, Christof (Ed.) (2021): Ensuring longterm ambition. Paris-proofing of baseline setting as a means for alignment with the Paris Agreement’s long-term objectives. Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy. Wuppertal (Carbon Mechanisms Review, Vol. 9, No. 3). Available online at

„In this issue of the CMR, we take an in-depth look at the baselines discussion, starting with an analysis of the experience gained in the different carbon market arenas so far. We also present a Party perspective on the negotiation process and possible solutions for the associated agenda items. The cover feature is supplemented by a new proposal from the research community on how to technically solve baseline setting under the new Paris Agreement regime. Also in this issue, we look at how implementation of Article 6 activities can be promoted and assess actual capacity building needs. Finally, we explore the aviation sector and analyse the role of carbon markets in regulating GHG emissions from aviation as described in the European Commission’s recent “Fit for 55” proposal.“


Elkerbout, Milan; Bryhn, Julie (2021): Setting the context for an EU policy framework for negative emissions. CEPS

Elkerbout, Milan; Bryhn, Julie (2021): Setting the context for an EU policy framework for negative emissions. CEPS (CEPS Policy Insights, 2021-12). Available online at

„Negative emissions – the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere – will be needed in the EU and globally to reach long-term climate targets. This scoping paper explores the different concepts relevant to discussing negative emissions in an EU policy context, starting with the scientific basis described by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The paper then discusses different ways negative emissions technologies can be categorised, and the potential trade-offs associated with their deployment. Finally, some political considerations for negative emissions policy are discussed. The paper will form the basis for an upcoming policy paper on how the EU should approach negative emissions in its climate policy framework.“