Schlagwort: climate politics

Carton et al. (2023): Is carbon removal delaying emission reductions?

Wim Carton, Inge-Merete Hougaard, Nils Markusson, Jens Friis Lund IN: Wires Climate Change, https://doi.org/10.1002/wcc.826

Carbon dioxide removal is rapidly becoming a key focus in climate research and politics. This is raising concerns of “moral hazard” or “mitigation deterrence,” that is, the risk that promises of and/or efforts to pursue carbon removal end up reducing or delaying near-term mitigation efforts. Some, however, contest this risk, arguing that it is overstated or lacking evidence. In this review, te authors explore the reasons behind the disagreement in the literature.

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Nature-Krevor et al. (2023): Subsurface carbon dioxide and hydrogen storage for a sustainable energy future

Samuel Krevor, Heleen de Coninck, Sarah E. Gasda, Navraj Singh Ghaleigh, Vincent de Gooyert, Hadi Hajibeygi, Ruben Juanes, Jerome Neufeld, Jennifer J. Roberts, Floris Swennenhuis IN: Nat Rev Earth Environ (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s43017-022-00376-8

Gigatonne scale geological storage of carbon dioxide and energy (such as hydrogen) will be central aspects of a sustainable energy future, both for mitigating CO2 emissions and providing seasonal-based green energy provisions. In this Review, the authors evaluate the feasibility and challenges of expanding subsurface carbon dioxide storage into a global-scale business, and explore how this experience can be exploited to accelerate the development of underground hydrogen storage.

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Webinar: Modeling CDR in Climate Policy: An ICRLP IAM Project

Wed, April 27, 2022; 7:00 PM – 8:00 PM CEST by Institute for Carbon Removal Law and Policy

In this upcoming webinar results of the two-year project will be presented to extend an open-source IAM, the Global Change Analysis Model (GCAM), to include other approaches to carbon removal and a wider variety of carbon removal-related policies. Members of the project team will provide an overview of GCAM-CDR, their new variant of GCAM, along with results from a number of research studies using the model.

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AbdulRafiu et al. (2022): The dynamics of global public research funding on climate change, energy, transport, and industrial decarbonisation

Abbas AbdulRafiu, Benjamin K. Sovacool, Chux Daniels IN: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 162, 2022, 112420, doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2022.112420.

This paper explores the funding trends, topical themes, and notable gaps in global public research funding across the areas of energy, climate change, transport, and industrial decarbonisation from 1990 to 2020. Climate change adaptation research is the most funded general area, and the specific topics of energy efficiency, climate resilience, and climate information systems, managing climate risks, energy storage, carbon dioxide removal and solar energy are the most funded technologies. It finds that funding for energy and climate research remains concentrated within the European Commission, United Kingdom and United States.

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Climate Restoration: The Only Future That Will Sustain the Human Race

by Peter Fiekowsky (author), with Carole Douglis; published 22 April 2022, Rivertown books, ISBN-13: ‎ 978-1953943101, 262 pp.

„As Fiekowsky explains in Climate Restoration, this will require removing a trillion tons of excess CO2 from the atmosphere. The good news is that this task, while enormous and technically challenging, is eminently feasible. Scientists and engineers have developed four major technologies for greenhouse gas removal and storage: Ocean iron fertilization; synthetic limestone manufacture; seaweed permaculture; and methane oxidation. Fiekowsky shows that these technologies are safe and practical-and, even more remarkable, that they require little if any government funding, since they can be financed largely through existing markets. For these reasons, they have enormous promise as vehicles for achieving climate restoration.“

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Nature: IPCC’s starkest message yet: extreme steps needed to avert climate disaster

by Jeff Tollefson IN: Nature https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-022-00951-5

„Radical emissions cuts combined with some atmospheric carbon removal are the only hope to limit global warming to 1.5 °C, scientists warn.“ Some key points of the recent IPCC reports are mentioned and statements of e.g. Inger Andersen, executive director of the UN Environment Programme, as well as of Oliver Geden, a social scientist with the German Institute for International and Security Affairs in Berlin, a lead author on the report, are given.

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IPCC-report (AR6 WGIII) Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change

The IPCC published the third part of the Sixth Assessment Report, Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change, the Working Group III contribution. It was finalized on 4 April during the 14th Session of Working Group III and 56th Session of the IPCC. The Working Group III report provides an updated global assessment of climate change mitigation progress and pledges, and examines the sources of global emissions. It explains developments in emission reduction and mitigation efforts, assessing the impact of national climate pledges in relation to long-term emissions goals.

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States can be laboratories for climate policy

By Wil Burns and Toby Bryce, opinion contributors on The Hill

„Given the climate emergency we collectively face, and the current political vagaries and uncertainty of policy at the federal level, perhaps states can serve the American people as “laboratories” for climate policy as well, specifically in the realm of carbon dioxide removal (CDR).“

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