Yang et al. (2021): Harmonized comparison of virgin steel production using biomass with carbon capture and storage for negative emissions
Fan Yang, Hans Meerman, André Faaij IN: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 112, 2021,103519, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2021.103519
Mass and energy balances were used to evaluate each route’s cradle-to-gate CO2eq emissions. Results indicate that using either CO2 capture and storage (CCS) or biomass can reduce, but not eliminate, CO2eq emissions in the iron and steel sector. However, the combination of CCS and biomass (BECCS) can result in CO2-neutral or even CO2-negative steelmaking.